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Overclocking Overclocking results and KPC hardware pron

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Old 09-24-2014, 04:06 PM
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RRainbo RRainbo is offline
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Talking My RaspberryPi OC Adventure

Last month i noticed that on Hwbot ongoing Team Cup 2014 so decided to buy Raspberry Pi and compete.

Introduction

Hardware

Bought newest model B+ that have reworked power section, added USB ports, more GPIOs, slot for microSD card and better layout.

*Sorry for pics most is taken after benching so its covered with mix of flux and eraser
all pics clickable



top




bottom







LAN9514 used for USB<->Ethernet conversion




RAM and under it is hiding BCM2835




Power section-Input USB power connector then on left U3 chip that is taking care of generating 3.3V and 1.8V rails. Other is protection circuitry



Software

As total noob i used latest version of Raspbian available on official site.
Because this image is bigger (~2.7GB) then my old micro SD card (2GB) i have here.
I used USB stick as main storage and on SD card is only necessary boot files.

Quote:
Originally Posted by dom
Use dd or winimage to write the image to the USB stick rather than the sdcard.
Format the sdcard as FAT and copy the files from the FAT partition of the USB stick onto the sdcard (only needs to be about 64M in size).

Change cmdline.txt on sdcard from root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 to root=/dev/sda2
source

Not sure if it have some effect on overclocking
And of course installed latest Java


Modifications

Software

Without any modification max arm clock you can get is 1500MHz but thanks to Rsnubje and dom there is a solution.

Download start_2ghz

Simply rename start_2ghz.elf to start.elf and replace original file that is on same place as config.txt

Hardware

As is well known maximum voltage without hardware modification is 1.4V that you can get with setting over_voltage=8
One way to surpass this limitation is remove inductor L3 and simply solder wire from 1.8V regulator output to Varm
But thats too easy and not extreme enuff for me

Preparation

First i did some research and traced most of the caps on back



Notice nice big ground plane right next to Varm plane. Time for some shhrr -shrr.
GND shrr already tined (sorry for crappy photo its from phone and through magnifying glass)




Power

Next step is solder your prepared zombies. I have zombie from 88gts laying here for long time without use so all i did is more shrr-shhrr to have nice short connection to RPi.
For board to board connection i used old solder wick. Just added layer after layer till it was strong enough.



Because i benched without any other system i needed power for rest of the RPi. Used 7805(or you can use direct 5V from psu) and connected it right on the input power connector to keep all protections working.




Cooling

Best available cooling i have is some noname peltier. To fit it on chip i did two simple modifications.
Replaced that two big caps that are close to chip. They are not really needed as we dont use internal VRM. And removed GPIO header as well (i used hot air and didnt payed attention and heated SD card socket too and card pop away and that clicking mechanism broke so card didnt stay in socket #FAIL)
This resulted in temperature drop from ~35C to ~12C even that small difference helped to gain few MHz




Benchmarking

Tweaks

All i used is
Quote:
sudo nice -n 19 java -jar hwbotprime.jar
With other tweaks i bumped on different issues like can not access config.txt or or it didnt save hwbot file or didnt get good score.

Clocks

In RPi there are three important freqencies that we overclock for HWBotprime
core_freq-thats tops on 600MHz no problem to get there
sdram_freq-from my measurements it doesnt affect results at all so i clocked it to 600MHz with over_voltage_sdram=6 and forget
arm_freq-most important, score scale very well with freq as expected
Made simple graphs from my benched data







Results

Maximum frequency i was able to pass hwbotprime without hw mods with just fan blowing on it was 1230MHz that resulted in 747.13 points

With all the mods you see here i benched my RPi on 1620MHz with 2.05V(13C). More volts resulted in higher temp tho lower clock




Conclusion

I am strongly limited by used cooling so i expect someone will beat my best score 849.52 points very soon.
Overall i can say it was fun to overclock and definitely worth that few bucks. Not sure what i will do with it now as my programing skills suxx probably will try to play with SMBus or make some ADC board




Interesting links

complete config.txt description
Raspberry Pi Overclocking Guide part 1
Raspberry Pi Overclocking Guide part 2
Tweaking Rasperry Pi to the limit
Java jdk8
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Old 09-24-2014, 04:08 PM
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RRainbo RRainbo is offline
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When i had already hot soldering iron decided to solder high side current sense boards that i have laying around for long time but never used them because i dont have connectors.



Its build around ZXCT1107 current sense with gain calculated to 1V output equals to 10A.
Zombie alone consumes ~830mA with connected RPi current increased to ~880mA so arm core power consumption is less then 1W



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Old 09-24-2014, 07:38 PM
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TiN TiN is offline
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Nice
Give me your shipping address, I'll drop u some stuff for your RPI fun

As of PCIe interposer - just few hints:
* Maximize grounds, as there can be some 40-100W flowing thru PCIe slot on hiend cards.
* Maximize +3.3V, as you may burn that thin trace if your card taking lot of power (usually it's <1A, but sometimes can be 3-5A)
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